研究業績

Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 80, 7, 1332-1338 (2020).
Plant growth regulators and axl and immune checkpoint inhibitors from the edible mushroom Leucopaxillus giganteus

著者

Malya, I. Y., Wu, J., Harada, E., Toda, M., D’Alessandro-Gabazza, C., Yasuma,T., Gabazza, E. C., Choi, J-H., Hirai, H., and Kawagishi, H.

カテゴリ

学術論文

Abstract

A novel compound, (R)-4-ethoxy-2-hydroxy-4-oxobutanoic acid (1), and six known compounds (2–7) were isolated from the fruiting bodies of the wild edible mushroom Leucopaxillus giganteus. The planar structure of 1 was determined by the interpretation of spectroscopic data analysis. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined by comparing specific rotation of the synthetic compounds. In the plant regulatory assay, the isolated compounds (1–7) and the chemically prepared compounds (8–10) were evaluated their biological activity against the lettuce (Lactuca sativa) growth. Compounds 1 and 3–10 showed the significant regulatory activity of lettuce growth. 1 showed the strongest inhibition activity among the all the compounds tested. In the lung cancer assay, all the compounds were assessed the mRNA expression of Axl and immune checkpoints (PD-L1, PD-L2) in the human A549 alveolar epithelial cell line by RT-PCR. Compounds 1–10 showed significant inhibition activity against Axl and/or immune checkpoint. Bioactive compounds were isolated from the mushroom Leucopaxillus giganteus and evaluated their activities in the plant–regulating and Axl-immune checkpoint assays.