J. Bioscie. Bioeng. 129, 146-149 (2020)
Self-fusion and fusion cell isolation of transformants derived from white rot fungus Phanerochaete sordida YK-624 by simple visual method
Mori, T., Kondo, O., Sumiya, T., Kawagishi, H., and Hirai, H.
In order to develop a simple method for crossing two transformants, we first attempted to elucidate the fusion type (self-compatibility or -incompatible) of Phanerochaete sordida YK-624. Two transformants expressing green or red fluorescent protein derived from an auxotrophic mutant were constructed. Each recombinant protein fluoresced by expression as a fused protein with glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. On co-culture of both transformants, a number of sequential hyphal cells emitting dual fluorescence were formed at the contact areas of both hyphae. Some of the single cells isolated as protoplasts and chlamydospore from the co-cultures also expressed these fluorescent proteins. These results suggest that P. sordida YK-624 possesses a self-compatible fusion system. In addition, transformant strains with different fluorescence derived from this fungus can readily undergo self-fusion and nuclear interchange events by confrontational and mixed cultivation, and we developed a simple method that allows fused cells to be isolated as chlamydospores.