Environmental Technology 20, 1-8 (2022)
RNA-Seq analysis of Phanerochaete sordida YK-624 degrades neonicotinoid pesticide acetamiprid, Environmental Technology
J. Wang, Y. Liu, R. Yin, N. Wang, T. Xiao, H. Hirai
Acetamiprid (ACE) belongs to the group of neonicotinoid pesticides, which have become the most widely utilised pesticides around the world in the last two decades. The ability of Phanerochaete sordida YK-624 to degrade ACE under ligninolytic conditions has been demonstrated; however, the functional genes involved in ACE degradation have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, the differentially expressed genes of P. sordida YK-624 under ACE-degrading conditions and in the absence of ACE were elucidated by RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq). Based on the gene ontology enrichment results, the cell wall and cell membrane were significantly affected under ACE-degrading conditions. This result suggested that intracellular degradation of ACE might be mediated by this fungus. In addition, genes in metabolic pathways were the most enriched upregulated differentially expressed genes according to the KEGG pathway analysis. Eleven differentially expressed genes characterised as cytochrome P450s were upregulated, and these genes were determined to be particularly important for ACE degradation by P. sordida YK-624 under ligninolytic conditions.