J. Fungi 8, 12, 1269 (2022)
Utilization of corn steep liquor for the production of fairy chemicals by Lepista sordida mycelia
Kobori, H., Wu, J., Takemura, H., Choi, J-H., Tada, N., and Kawagish, H.
There are various potential practical uses of fairy chemicals (FCs) in the fields of agriculture, cosmetics, and medicine; however, the production costs of FCs are very high. To enable the practical use of FCs, more efficient and inexpensive methods of culturing the mycelia of FCs-producing fungi and producing FCs need to be developed. The purpose of the present study was to determine methods of reducing the production costs of FCs and mycelia of the FCs-producing fungus Lepista sordida. We investigated the effects of four food industrial by-products, i.e., corn steep liquor (CSL), rice bran, wheat bran, and Japanese liquor lees, as nutritional additives in the liquid culture medium of the fungus. We found that CSL was more effective than the other tested additives in increasing the production of FCs and mycelia. Medium containing 1% CSL was optimal for increasing the mycelial yield while medium containing 6% CSL was optimal for increasing the production of FCs. The reason for this difference in the optimal CSL concentration was considered to be related to the stress on the mycelia caused by the amount of nutrients in the liquid medium. These results are expected to facilitate the practical use of FCs and the mycelia of FCs-producing fungi.